Learn everything you need to know to vote
|Authority Conducting Elections||County Election Officers and Local Political Subdivisions|
|First Day to Apply for Ballot by Mail||Monday, January 1, 2018*
*First day to file does not move because of New Year’s Day holiday. An “Annual ABBM” or FPCA for a January or February 2018 election may be filed earlier, but not earlier than the 60th day before the date of the January or February election.
|Deadline to Post Notice of Candidate Filing Deadline (Local Political Subdivisions Only)¹||Thursday, June 21, 2018 for local political subdivisions that have a first day to file for their candidates¹|
|First Day to File for a Place on the General Election Ballot (Local Political Subdivisions Only)¹||Saturday, July 21, 2018|
|Last Day to Order General Election or Special Election on a Measure||Monday, August 20, 2018|
|Last Day to File for a Place on the General Election Ballot (Local Political Subdivisions Only)²||Monday, August 20, 2018 at 5:00 p.m.
See note below relating to four-year terms³
|Last Day to File a Declaration of Write-in Candidacy (Local Political Subdivisions Only)||Friday, August 24, 2018|
|Last Day to Register to Vote||Tuesday, October 9, 2018*
*First business day after Columbus Day>
|First Day of Early Voting by Personal Appearance||Monday, October 22, 2018|
|Last Day to Apply for Ballot by Mail
(Received, not Postmarked)
|Friday, October 26, 2018|
|Last Day of Early Voting by Personal Appearance||Friday, November 2, 2018|
|Last day to Receive Ballot by Mail||Tuesday, November 6, 2018 (Election Day) at 7:00 p.m. if carrier envelope is not postmarked, OR Wednesday, November 7, 2018 (next business day after Election Day) at 5:00 p.m. if carrier envelope is postmarked by 7:00 p.m. at the location of the election on Election Day (unless overseas or military voter deadlines apply)⁴|
1 Under new law, most local entities now have a “first day” to file.
For the few entities who do not have a first day to file: For the November 6, 2018 election, Monday, July 23, 2018 is the deadline to post notice of candidate filing deadline for local political subdivisions that do not have a first day to file for their candidates. (If the 30th day before last day on which candidate may file falls on a Saturday, deadline moves to next business day).
Local political subdivisions include: cities, school districts, water districts, hospital districts, and any other local government entity that conducts elections. Many of these elections are conducted on the May uniform election date.
2 Filing deadlines: generally, the filing deadline is the 78th day prior to Election Day. The Code may provide a different special election filing deadline. See Section 201.054 of the Texas Election Code (the “Code”). Write-in deadlines for general and special elections vary; the deadline for most local (city, school, other) special elections is now the same day as the filing deadline for application for a place on the ballot in a May election or November election; special election write-in rules vary, see long calendars for details.
3 If no candidate for a four-year term has filed an application for a place on the ballot for a city office, the filing deadline for that office is extended to 5 p.m. of the 57th day before the election. For the November 6, 2018 election, this is Monday, September 10, 2018. See Section 143.008 of the Code.
4 Please note that pursuant to House Bills 1151 and 929 (2017), different deadlines apply to the last day to receive ballots sent by the following: 1) non-military and military voters who mailed ballots from overseas and submitted a regular state Application for Ballot By Mail (“ABBM”), 2) non-military voters who mailed ballots from overseas and who submitted a Federal Postcard Application (“FPCA”), and (3) military voters who mailed ballots domestically or from overseas and who submitted an FPCA. See Secs. 86.007, 101.001 and 101.057 of the Code. Please contact the Elections Division of the Office of the Texas Secretary of State at 1-800-252-VOTE (8683) for additional information.
If you are voting early because of an expected absence, you may apply in person for a ballot by mail before the early “voting in person” period begins (usually the 17th day before the election).
If you are voting by mail because you are disabled or are 65 years of age or older, you may use a single application to request ballots by mail for all county elections in the calendar year. To do so, simply mark “Annual Application” on your application for a ballot by mail when selecting the election for which you are applying.
Your ballot by mail application must be sent to the Early Voting Clerk in the county where you are registered to vote. Below are the ballot by mail application periods for the 2018 Elections. Applications must be received (not postmarked) by last day of the application period. All applications to vote by mail must be received by the early voting clerk before the close of regular business or 12 noon, whichever is later. Applications to vote by mail must be submitted by mail, common or contract carrier, or fax.
The Early Voting Clerk must receive your marked ballot by 7 p.m. on Election Day or by the 5th day after Election Day if your ballot is submitted from outside the United States.
Should a situation arise regarding any aspect of voting and you don’t know what to do, please call our office. Our legal staff is available toll-free at 1.800.252.8683 to answer questions and advise you on your rights as a voter. Early Voting Timeline January 1, 2016 for election(s) held in 2016* *First day to file does not move because of New Year’s Day holiday. An “Annual ABBM” or FPCA for a January or February 2016 election may be filed earlier, but not earlier than the 60th day before the date of the January or February election.
1. The Election Code authorizes voting a limited ballot after changing county of residence.
2. A person voting a limited ballot under this chapter is entitled to vote only on each office or measure to be voted in a territorial unit (state or district) of which the person was a resident both before changing their county of residence and after the change.
1. After changing residence to another county, a person is eligible to vote a limited ballot by personal appearance or by mail if:a. the person would have been eligible to vote in the county of former residence on election day if still residing in that county; and
2. A person is not eligible to vote a limited ballot by mail unless, in addition to satisfying the eligibility requirements prescribed above, the person is eligible to vote early by mail under the standard early by mail rules.
An application for a limited ballot to be voted by mail under this chapter must be submitted to the early voting clerk serving the election precinct in which the applicant currently resides.
A person may vote a limited ballot by personal appearance only at the main early voting polling place.
1. Before providing a limited ballot to the applicant, the early voting clerk must verify, if possible, that the applicant does not have an effective voter registration in the county of new residence.
2. If the person has applied in the county of new residence for a voter registration that will be effective on or before Election Day, the limited ballot application must be rejected. The voter will be able to vote a regular ballot in the new county since the registration will be effective by election day.
Not later than the 30th day after receipt of an application for a limited ballot, the early voting clerk must notify the voter registrar of the voter’s former county of residence that the voter has applied for a limited ballot.
Voting Presidential Ballot by Former Resident.
The Election Code authorizes voting a presidential ballot for president and vice-president under certain circumstances.
SUM: the procedure helps former residents of Texas who have recently moved to another state but did not register in time to vote in the new state.
A former resident is eligible to vote a presidential ballot under this chapter by personal appearance or by mail if the former resident:1. is domiciled in another state;
An application for a presidential ballot to be voted by mail under this chapter must be submitted to the early voting clerk serving the county of the applicant’s most recent registration to vote.
1. The total time period for voting this ballot by personal appearance is the early voting period, plus the early voting clerk’s regular office hours between early voting and Election Day, then on Election Day.a. A person may vote a presidential ballot by personal appearance only at the main early voting polling place for the county of the person’s most recent registration to vote.
2. Personal Appearance Voting; Processing Results.a. On submission of an application for a presidential ballot to be voted by personal appearance, the early voting clerk shall review the application and verify the applicant’s registration status in accordance with the procedure applicable to early voting by mail.
1. As soon as practicable after the close of voting, the early voting clerk shall notify the voter registrar of the name of each person who applied for a presidential ballot whose name appears on the list of registered voters.
2. On receipt of the notice, the voter registrar shall cancel the voter’s registration.
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